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By David WEIR
A masterful examine of the hidden roots of up to date tradition and will b learn by means of a person attracted to how and why our highbrow panorama has replaced fairly dramatically because the Victorian period.
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Extra resources for Anarchy and Culture
The perceived threat of social disorder is countered by culture all right, but culture itself is no longer the universalizing force outside of history the man of culture believes it to be. Significantly, the anarchy Arnold cautions against is not lawless; in fact, he is careful to distinguish the type of insidious, gradual anarchy he has in mind from the more overt brands of lawlessness, such as, say, Fenianism. But what is culture? The culture that Arnold endorses in Culture and Anarchy has acquired an enormous totalizing power to examine radically dissimilar social alternatives by allowing consciousness to "play freely" over them and to look for ways of integrating their contradictory claims.
Kropotkin is careful to say that whatever harmony or order science discovers in nature is not immanent in it: [T]he modern man of science no longer tries to explain [nature] by the action of laws conceived according to a certain plan preestablished by an intelligent will. No law placed outside the phenomena: each phenomena governs that which follows it—not law. (Fugitive Writings, 103). The novels of Zola and other naturalists offer a Darwinian image of society where human beings are subject to deterministic "laws" of Page 32 heredity and environment that are inexorable in their workings, whereas Kropotkin's causality is quite flexible, governed only by the "independent" nature of individual phenomena.
Justice, for Proudhon, is a principle of balance fundamental to the idea of the contract, for contracts must be kept if they are to be effective; that is, the parties to the contract must do what they have agreed to do to maintain the balance or justice of the agreement. This passage makes the point that the kind of anarchism Proudhon had in mind has much in common with socialism, albeit a socialism without the kind of topdown state apparatus advocated by Marx. Later, we shall have to consider the impact of such collectivism on culture.
Anarchy and Culture by David WEIR