Parviz Birjandi and Mohammad Ali Salmani-Nodoushan's An Introduction to Phonetics PDF

By Parviz Birjandi and Mohammad Ali Salmani-Nodoushan

ISBN-10: 9646117570

ISBN-13: 9789646117570

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Extra info for An Introduction to Phonetics

Sample text

You also use your glottis for speech when you whisper or speak in a creaky voice. Take the following examples: WORD ENGLISH IRANIAN MISPRONUNCIATION ago /əˈgəʊ/ /ʔəˈgəʊ/ out /aʊt/ /ʔaʊt/ apple /æpl/ /ʔæpl/ 3. CONSONANTS Consonants in English are distinguished from vowels on the basis of the modifications of pulmonary air in the oral cavity. Consonants are distinguished from one another on the basis of their differences in three respects: (a) manner of articulations, (b) place of articulation, and (c) voicing.

Thus, velar sounds are usually made when the back of the tongue is pressed against the soft palate. They include the /k/ in cat, the /g/ in girl and the /ŋ/ in hang. The glide /w/ is also regarded as a labiovelar sound, because it simultaneously uses both lips whilst raising the back of the tongue towards the velum. Try saying /wheel/ and /win/ and feel the position of your tongue. 6. GLOTTIS Glottal sounds are those sounds that are made in the larynx through the closure or narrowing of the glottis.

On the other hand, syllable-initial consonant clusters are impossible in Persian. In addition, syllable-final consonant clusters in Persian normally take no more than two consonants in their structure. 5 below. 5: Persian syllable structure The differences between the syllable structure of Persian and English are responsible for a good portion of Iranian EFL learners' pronunciation problems. CHAPTER TWO 21 In fact, many Iranian EFL learners tend to insert the vowel /e/ in many monosyllabic English words to make them readily pronounceable.

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An Introduction to Phonetics by Parviz Birjandi and Mohammad Ali Salmani-Nodoushan


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