Harrell R. Rodgers's American Poverty In A New Era Of Reform PDF
By Harrell R. Rodgers
This re-creation of yankee Poverty in a brand new period of Reform presents a finished exam of the level, reasons, results, and prices of yankee poverty approximately ten years after the passage of the private accountability and paintings chance Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) in 1996. the writer contains the most up-tp-date on hand demographic, funds, review, and application facts to judge the influence of this sweeping laws on federal and country regulations, in addition to on poverty populations. This revised version takes into consideration the commercial slowdown that happened in 2001 via 2003. It examines the nation judgements approximately the way to enforce PRWORA, and the way adjustments have affected the poverty inhabitants and total welfare procedure. the writer identifies the confident implications of welfare reform in addition to difficulties that has to be addressed. New positive factors for this version contain an appendix of web assets a state-by-state tables of poverty charges.
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Extra info for American Poverty In A New Era Of Reform
1 shows, despite three recessions, the rate of poverty declined significantly during the 1960s and 1970s. Unfortunately, even with substantial inflation-adjusted increases in welfare spending, the trend in poverty reduction did not continue. By the early 1980s the rate of poverty was increasing. Poverty declined modestly after the early 1980s, but then increased quite dramatically in the early 1990s. Poverty rates declined from 1994 through 2000, only to increase in 2001, 2002, and 2003. 3 million more poor people than in 2000.
75 a month. Since an absolute standard is being used, these same people would be classified as nonpoor if their income rose as much as one dollar above the poverty threshold. At the opposite extreme, a family of nine or more with six children under eighteen would be judged to be poor if its income fell one dollar below $37,229. HOW MANY AMERICANS ARE POOR? 15 As an example of how the thresholds are calculated, we can analyze how the standard is calculated for a family of four. 1). This standard is based on a Department of Agriculture estimate that a family of this size and composition required $6,220 in 2003 to purchase enough food to support an adequate diet on a temporary basis.
In the early to mid 1960s about a third of the elderly population lived in poverty. The poverty rate among the elderly has been noticeably reduced over time by increases in Social Security payments. 2 percent. 3 Poverty Rates by Age, 1959–2003 Recession 40 35 65 years and over 30 25 Percent Under 18 years 20 15 10 18 to 64 years 5 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 1990 1989 1988 1987 1986 1985 1984 1983 1982 1981 1980 1979 1978 1977 1976 1975 1974 1973 1972 1971 1970 1969 1968 1967 1966 1965 1964 1963 1962 1961 1960 1959 0 Year Source: Bureau of the Census (2004a), table B-2.
American Poverty In A New Era Of Reform by Harrell R. Rodgers