Amateurs, Professionals, and Serious Leisure - download pdf or read online
By Robert A. Stebbins
For fifteen years, Robert Stebbins has performed wide study on amateurs and pros in theatre, tune, archaeology, astronomy, baseball, soccer, magic and stand-up comedy. His guides supply the topic of great relaxation in-depth scholarly cognizance. this article brings jointly the findings of this study venture to supply a theoretical framework that unearths the commonalities throughout those 8 fields. all through this venture Stebbins has equipped at the paintings of Barney Glaser and Anselm Strauss and their inspiration of "grounded theory". First, Stebbins largely saw the regimen actions of amateurs and execs in each one box studied. Then, as he grew to become extra acquainted with the life-styles of the members, he performed long, unstructured, face-to-face interviews with, typically, 30 novice or specialist respondents. each one box demanded detailed equipment of remark, research, interviewing, probing and reporting. up to attainable, besides the fact that, Stebbins requested comparable questions of all respondents in all fields so one can enable generalizations throughout those various fields. the end result used to be a "substantive grounded conception" of every box studied. Stebbins has constructed a "formal grounded idea" of amateurs and pros in keeping with the study gathered in all 8 substantive fields. by means of transcending a number of contexts, he argues, you may achieve a extra enduring appreciation of the weather that impact peoples' reviews in paintings and hobbies. A assessment of the findings throughout this wide variety of actions, together with his findings and concepts on hobbyists and profession volunteers, enabled Stebbins to derive higher definitions of the most innovations of the venture, resembling "amateur", "the public", and "serious relaxation" -- in addition to "professional", the place he distinguishes among client-centred and public-centred execs who, whereas sharing quite a few ideal-typical attributes, differ as to the facility and regulate they've got over their paintings in a democratic society. He offers inductive conclusions approximately careers and the prices and rewards within the 8 amateur-professional fields thought of. He examines the exterior global of amateurs and pros within the gentle of such concerns as family members ties, kin between amateurs and pros and between amateurs and their employers, public photos, critics and reporters, group contributions, and the query of marginality for amateurs who're stuck among the paintings global of the pro and the informal relaxation international of the vast majority of the inhabitants. He concludes with an exploration of the long run position of great rest relating to predictions of higher unemployment and elevated rest time and sturdiness.
Read Online or Download Amateurs, Professionals, and Serious Leisure PDF
Similar pop culture books
Our on-line world and cybertechnology have impacted on each point of our lives. Western society, tradition, politics and economics at the moment are all intricately certain with our on-line world. residing With our on-line world brings jointly the top cyber-theorists of North the US, Britain and Australia to map the current and the way forward for our on-line world.
Rethinking questions of id, social company and nationwide association, Bhabha offers a operating, if arguable, concept of cultural hybridity - person who is going some distance past past makes an attempt by means of others. within the place of Culture, he makes use of strategies akin to mimicry, interstice, hybridity, and liminality to argue that cultural creation is usually most efficient the place it truly is so much ambivalent.
Following within the culture of John Howard Griffin (Black Like Me) and Barbara Ehrenreich (Nickel and Dimed), Norah Vincent absorbed a cultural adventure and mentioned again on what she saw incognito. For greater than a yr and a part she ventured into the realm as Ned, with an ever-present 5 o’clock shadow, a workforce reduce, wire-rim glasses, and her personal measurement 111/2 shoes—a ideal cover that enabled her to monitor the realm of fellows as an insider.
- The Wizard of Oz and Philosophy
- Dynamic Embodiment for Social Theory: "I move therefore I am"
- Frida Kahlo: A Biography (Greenwood Biographies)
- Lipstick Traces: A Secret History of the Twentieth Century, Twentieth Anniversary Edition
Extra info for Amateurs, Professionals, and Serious Leisure
Indeed, the giving of gifts eyes, blood, organs, tissues, furniture, and so forth (normally one-shot contributions, except for furniture) - is pleasant only in terms of the altruistic feelings generated by one's magnanimity. Two aspects of the volunteering role distinguish its incumbents from the first two types of serious leisure participants. One of these is altruism. Although it is now established that volunteers are usually driven by both altruistic and self-interested motives (National Advisory Council on Voluntary Action 1978; 11; Carter 1975, 83; Alberta Recreation and Parks 1990; Henderson 1981,213), altruism influences volunteers far more than it influences amateurs and hobbyists.
For at least some people, it offers an attractive alternative to the typical job, and in an age when jobs are consuming less and less of our time yet still functioning as the main source of personal income. Yet, as Roberts (1981, 61) says, people must either discover for themselves, or be shown, that "leisure is not always a good time. " According to Roberts, the growth of leisure does not automatically enhance the quality of life; it merely bestows the opportunity for such enhancement, thereby underlining the urgency of helping people find ways of deriving the maximum 19 Serious Leisure benefit from their scope for choice, and forcing enquiry into why leisure sometimes fails to deliver the promised fulfilment.
Like those in the preceding category, players relate to each other according to a set of rules that structure their actions during a contest. Here we find Softball (Clancy 1986); table shuffleboard (Senters 1971); target shooting (Hummel 1985); field hockey (Bishop and Hodgett 1986); badminton and outdoor bowls (Boothby and Tungatt 1978); dirt-bike racing (Watson, Legg et al. 1980); long-distance running (Yair 1990; Barrel et al. 1989); roleplaying games (Fine 1983); survival games (Reeves 1986); martial arts (James and Jones 1982); competitive mountaineering (Hamilton 1979); swimming (Hastings 1983; Hastings, Kurth, et al.
Amateurs, Professionals, and Serious Leisure by Robert A. Stebbins