A Gentleman and an Officer: A Social and Military History of by Judith N. McArthur PDF

By Judith N. McArthur

ISBN-10: 0195093119

ISBN-13: 9780195093117

ISBN-10: 1423765095

ISBN-13: 9781423765097

In 1861, James B. Griffin left Edgefield, South Carolina and rode off to Virginia to soak up responsibility with the accomplice military in a method that befitted a Southern gentleman: on a fine-blooded horse, with slaves to attend on him, trunks, and his favourite looking puppy. He used to be thirty-five years previous, a prosperous planter, and the landlord of sixty-one slaves whilst he joined Wade Hampton's elite Legion as a massive of cavalry. He left at the back of seven childrens, the eldest in simple terms twelve, and a spouse who used to be 8 and a part months pregnant. As a box officer in a prestigious unit, the possibilities for reputation and glory appeared unlimited. Griffin, even though, played no bold acts, nor did he encourage nice loyalty in his males. as a substitute, he unknowingly supplied a special and useful portrait of the accomplice officials who shaped the middle of Southern political, army, and company management. In A Gentleman and an Officer, Judith N. McArthur and Orville Vernon Burton have accrued 80 of Griffin's letters written on the Virginia entrance, and through later postings at the South Carolina coast, to his spouse Leila Burt Griffin. impressive of their breadth and quantity, the letters surround Griffin's whole Civil conflict provider, detailing residing stipulations and armed forces maneuvers, the jockeying for place between officials, and the various methods officials and enlisted males interacted in the course of the Civil struggle. not like the memories and biographies of high-ranking, famous accomplice officials or reports and edited collections of letters of participants of the rank and dossier, this assortment sheds gentle at the lifetime of a center officer--a lifestyles became the wrong way up through severe army hassle and intricate additional via the continued want for reassurance approximately own valor and standing universal to males of the southern gentry. In those letters, Griffin describes mystery troop activities in a number of army activities reminiscent of the Hampton Legion's function within the Peninsula crusade (details that will definitely were censored in additional fresh wars). right here he relates the march from Manassas to Fredricksburg, the siege of Yorktown and the retreat to Richmond, and the struggling with at Eltham's touchdown and 7 Pines, the place Griffin commanded the legion after Hampton was once wounded. all through, as Griffin recounts those so much awesome of occasions, he illuminates the main usual of daily matters. One may look forward to finding a accomplice officer meditating on slavery, emancipation, or Lincoln. in its place, we're faced by way of uncomplicated humanity and straightforward matters, from the elements to gossip. enormous old occasions intruded on Griffin's lifestyles and despatched him off to warfare, yet his heartfelt issues have been approximately his relations, his group, and his personal own delight. eventually, Griffin's letters current the Civil struggle because the refinery, the ordeal through fireplace, that proven and verified--or modified--Southern upperclass values. With a desirable mix of army and social heritage, A Gentleman and an Officer strikes from the start of the Civil warfare at castle Sumter throughout the finish of the battle and Reconstruction, vividly illustrating how the problems of the Civil struggle have been immediately devastatingly nationwide and revealingly neighborhood.

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Additional info for A Gentleman and an Officer: A Social and Military History of James B. Griffin's Civil War

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We use the same formula that Harris uses, which is from Roger L. Ransom and Richard Sutch, "Debt Peonage in the Cotton South after the Civil War," Journal of Economic History 32 (Sept. 1972): 641-69, esp. 660, where their estimates are conservative; see also their One Kind of Freedom: The Economic Consequences of Emancipation (Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1977), 159, 251; Burton, In My Father's House Are Many Mansions, 51. See also Rosser H. Taylor, Ante-Bellum South Carolina: A Social and Cultural History (Chapel Hill: Univ.

43 In 1860 the two farms together were producing much more cotton, 113 bales, and much less grain; the plantation was no longer selfsufficient in food. B. Griffin grew for home consumption. Even though 1859 was a poor harvest year for corn in the Southeast, Griffin clearly was not planting enough grain to supply his needs. At the same time, only forty farms in Edgefield yielded more bales of cotton than Griffin's in 1860. Griffin was producing a cash crop almost entirely. The 113 42. B. L. Shepperd, 33 years old, owned 69 slaves.

Leila's uncle Dr. M. Burt was the investigating doctor. Two other Griffin slaves testified at the inquiry. 50. 9 persons. "Without Counting the Cost" 27 Inferences from census data can be risky, but in the 1850 slave census many of the slaves appear to follow what would logically be a family order of a father, mother, children. Some of these listings, however, look like groupings of mother and children only. 51 Church records also substantiate family relationships; members were listed as father, mother, wife, brother, and so on.

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A Gentleman and an Officer: A Social and Military History of James B. Griffin's Civil War by Judith N. McArthur


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