Read e-book online A General Theory of Emotions and Social Life PDF
By Warren D. TenHouten
Founded upon the psychoevolutionary theories of Darwin, Plutchik and Izard, a common socioevolutionary thought of the sentiments - affect-spectrum idea - classifies a large spectrum of the sentiments and analyzes them at the sociological, mental and neurobiological levels.
This neurocognitive sociology of the sentiments supersedes the most important theoretical views constructed within the sociology of feelings by means of exhibiting basic feelings to be adaptive reactions to basic difficulties of existence that have advanced into common social relationships and which could are expecting occurrences of the complete spectrum of fundamental, advanced secondary, and tertiary emotions.
Written by means of prime social theorist Warren D. TenHouten, this e-book provides an encyclopaedic category of the feelings, describing forty-six feelings intimately, and proposing a normal multilevel thought of feelings and social existence. The scope of assurance of this key paintings is extremely topical and accomplished, and comprises the advance of feelings in adolescence, symbolic elaboration of complicated feelings, feelings administration, violence, and cultural and gender variations. whereas basic feelings have basically outlined valences, this concept exhibits that advanced feelings obey no algebraic legislation and that each one feelings have either artistic and harmful potentialities.
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Additional resources for A General Theory of Emotions and Social Life
Thus disgust and fear are markedly different, so that sadness, not disgust, should be placed adjacent to fear. ” Given that the four negative emotions should be placed together, we now need only decide if the remaining negative emotion, disgust, is most similar to sadness or surprise. There is a close connection between sadness and disgust. In sadness, we feel a sense of loss of a valued other person; in being rejected, being treated as if one were disgusting to others, we feel a sense of loss of the self.
Distress signals following loss and death are widespread in the animal kingdom, which trigger cries for sympathy and social support. On the functional level, the positive experience of temporality is reproduction; the negative experience, reintegration, refers to the reconstitution of the family or community following the absence or death of a group member. Hierarchy is the “vertical” dimension of social life (Schwartz 1981). It is a broad concept whose meaning includes power, inﬂuence, authority, status, prestige, and rank.
Rozin and Fallon (1987), building on Angyal (1941), deﬁne disgust with a clear food focus, as “[r]evulsion at the prospect of (oral) incorporation of an offending object” (p. 23). Rozin, Haidt et al. (1999: 191) suggest that whatever reminds us that we are animals and that we are destined to die, stimulates disgust. Disgust involves a universal apprehension of death and decay. As animals, we eat, excrete, engage in sex, maintain our body envelopes, live communally, and die, all of which are carefully controlled by culture.
A General Theory of Emotions and Social Life by Warren D. TenHouten